YAG laser invented in 1964, is a solid laser using crystalline active ingredient Neodym Ytrium Aluminum Garnet, however, the initial stage of therapeutic application is still limited.
In 1983, Anderson and Parish’s principle of selective photothermal decomposition was invented, followed by the Q – switched laser system (Short pulse – high energy). This opens up a new direction for the successful treatment of pigmented lesions without leaving the sequelae of previous lasers created.
Laser energy acts on the pathological pigmented area, the pathological pigments that absorb the light energy of a fixed wavelength will expand and break down. The pigments in the epidermis are broken into small pieces pushed to the surface, the pigments located deep in the skin are differentiated into tiny pigment particles, which are phagocytosed in the body, digested and excreted by the excretory system. secretions of the body. Pigments fade until the eyes are completely gone.
Levels of lentigo are small, round, oval, black or brown macules. The site of the lesion can be anywhere on the body.
*Lentigo from sunlight: Lesions usually appear on sun-exposed areas such as the face or hands and increase with age.
*Lentigo simplex: common in children, the color of the lesion is uniform from brown to black. The histopathological image shows that this is a pigmented lesion of the epidermis.
*QS Yag laser lentigo treatment
The results of treatment are usually completely healed.
Are brown or yellow spots and dots, small in size, located on the face or on the body. The disease increases in the summer, increasing with age. On histopathological images, the dermal papillae were normal, the basal layer was hyperpigmented, the amount of pigment was normal but the pigment cells and melanosomes were larger than normal.
The treatment results are very high, and the lesions can be completely cured for a long time, but most freckles have a recurrence after treatment.
Are brown patches clearly demarcated with healthy skin, the location can be found in any area of the skin, and the lesion size varies.
These are green or brown inlays, increasing in intensity the colors include: brown, purplish brown, blue heart and dark blue.
Location of facial lesions, commensurate with the distribution of branches 1 and 2 of nerve V. In addition to skin lesions, many patients have combined mucosal lesions.
Loss of Ota responds well to treatment with QS Yag
Clinical manifestations: are brown or black macules at the forehead, 2 sides of the temples, 2 cheeks, 2 eyelids or next to the nose, without itching or redness of the skin.</p >
The result is also usually achieved > 60% damage.
QS Yag laser works well for black or blue-black tattoos when treating 1064 nm wavelength.
Red, orange and purple tattoo with 532 nm wavelength.
Yellow and white tattoo not responding to treatment
Basic lesion is brown, sometimes black, macules of any size, symmetrically arranged on both cheeks, forehead, temples, and chin.
The lesion is concentrated in clusters, clear but irregular edges, no redness, no scabs, no atrophy, no itching.
Melasma is one of the pigment disorders, erratic response to treatment, poor results and frequent recurrence.
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